This article focuses on the importance of coronal and radicular access; describes ultrasonic and adjunctive removal techniques; and details 3 novel emerging methods that improve safety, efficiency, and simplicity when removing intracanal obstructions.
- Know the factors that influence broken instrument removal.
- Understand the importance of coronal access and the parameters for radicular access.
- Understand the clinical steps in creating a staging platform.
- Identify the steps involved in primary and secondary removal methods.