This article discusses the importance of correctly determining (1) the apical cleaning limit to clean the canal, and (2) the shaping limit in order to keep the obturation in a biologic level for periapical healing.
- Be able to describe the apical cleaning working length and apical shaping limit
- Learn the techniques for determining foramen position
- Know certain precautions to overcome false or absent readings when using electronic measurements
- Identify the common myths involving apex locators